Which type of Physiotherapy is best?

7 May, 2021

Many people, sometimes even doctors and nurses, fail to realise the importance of physiotherapy.

Gen Physio provide several types of mobile physiotherapy (PT) tailored to your needs.

Our experienced team of physical therapists will determine the best physical therapy treatment to improve your loved one’s quality of life.

Let’s look at the types of therapy we provide and which is best for different people.

Gen Physio

Orthopaedic

Orthopaedic physiotherapy is the most common form of physical therapy. It deals with the broadest range of issues. Sports physiotherapists use orthopaedic therapy to treat sports injuries.

Still, we recommend this type of treatment for anybody recovering from surgeries involving their muscles or bones. Orthopaedic physiotherapy can help with some of the following problems:

  • Chronic pain
  • Neck pain
  • Improve motor skills when recovering from an injury
  • Muscle strains
  • Range of motion in injured joints or muscles
  • Balance and coordination when recovering from leg, ankle and foot injuries.
  • Arthritis

Physio treatments in this discipline include several techniques:

  1. Manual therapy: Moving joints to restore movement and reduce pain.
  2. Massage: Massage techniques that break down scar tissue in muscle and ligaments.
  3. Ultrasound: Ultrasound helps restore circulation, stimulates regeneration and reduces pain. This technique is helpful with soft tissue injuries.
  4. Interferential therapy: This therapy introduces opposing electrical currents to the affected area. It helps relieve pain, reduce swelling and encourage healing.
  5. Neuromuscular stimulation: This method stimulates weakened muscles using an electrical current. The stimulation helps strengthen weak muscles.
  6. Acupuncture: Acupuncture is the insertion of thin needles into the muscles. It triggers the healing process and directs blood flow to the affected area.
  7. Taping: Taping assists with joint support and alignment, improving mobility. Using tape also has several other benefits. Taping reduces the buildup of lactic acid and helps prevent injuries or the re-injury of a weakened joint. It also improves the drainage of lymphatic channels, reducing swelling.

Neurological

Neurological physiotherapy is more specialised and deals with people suffering from neurological conditions. These conditions include spinal, brain and peripheral nerve conditions or injuries. The brain and nervous system can adapt after an injury.

Neurological physiotherapy aims to rehabilitate patients and improve their quality of life. The therapist helps them with physical functions, like muscle strength, balance and range of motion. We recommend this type of physiotherapy for people with the following conditions:

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke patients
  • Cerebral Palsy

Neurological PT concentrates on building the motions that a patient can make. The therapist also retrains patients to perform tasks they could always perform themselves. This also prevents further deterioration of the muscles after an accident, injury or stroke. Neurological PT aims to:

  • Rehabilitate patients with neurological injuries.
  • Prevent or slow down physical deterioration.
  • Maximise the potential and living standards of neurological patients.
  • Help children with neurological disorders to achieve developmental milestones.

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary

Cardiovascular therapy concentrates on the rehabilitation of patients after a heart attack or heart surgery. A physiotherapist’s assessment is invaluable. Many patients also have other problems like arthritis, back pain or stroke. The therapist will also develop a mild exercise program that takes these factors into account. Exercise helps restore the quality of life of their patients.

Pulmonary exercises help clear the chest and passages of excess mucus. They also assist in clearing infections in people with emphysema. Our therapists use multiple techniques to help manage pulmonary conditions, like:

  • Postural drainage
  • Clapping and shaking
  • Breathing exercises
  • Posture correction
  • Spinal mobility exercises

Geriatric

Geriatric physiotherapy concentrates on ailments often experienced by elderly patients. These can include cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. It’s vital for elderly patients that the therapist designs home sessions and prevents injury. The focus of this therapy type is to restore and maintain mobility. The extra mobility gives the patient a measure of independence.

Treating older patients requires a therapist with a broad range of skills. The therapist also needs patience and empathy to deal with elderly, frustrated patients. These patients often resent their loss of independence.

A physiotherapist working with seniors needs to have extensive knowledge of neurological, orthopaedic and cardiovascular therapies. Many older people have overlapping health issues that need specially-designed exercise programs.

Pediatric

Pediatric physiotherapy deals with developmental concerns in children up to 15 years old. This discipline also deals with orthopaedic, chest and neurological conditions in children. It’s crucial to treat and mitigate these conditions in children to improve their overall quality of life. The effects remain with children for a more extended period than with adults.

Pediatric therapy is similar to treating elderly patients because it covers a broader range of conditions. The therapist also needs to educate the caretakers on the importance and reasons for different types of exercise. They must show the caretakers how to assist the child with some activities at home.

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