Living with a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

19 Jul, 2022

How is TBI caused?  

Traumatic brain injury is commonly caused when there is a hard hit to the head during a fall, sporting incident or car accident. The tissue of the brain could be affected in several ways and depending on the severity of the injury, the effects can range from minor and temporary issues like a headache to very severe cases that involve complete loss of consciousness. 

What are the types of TBI? 

Open vs Closed: If a TBI occurs from an object penetrating the skull and brain tissue, is it considered open, whereas a closed injury occurs without this penetration and the brain slams against the inside of the skull from rapid head movement. 

Focal vs Diffuse: Focal damage to the brain occurs within specific areas of brain tissue. Diffuse damage, however, is when the axons are stretched or severed which can result in widespread communication pathways throughout the brain to be affected. Focal and diffuse damage can also occur at the same time.  

Traumatic Brain Injury

What’s it like to live to TBI? 

Acquiring and learning to live with a Traumatic Brain Injury is a lengthy process that takes a lot of determination and patience from the person living with the injury and their support network.  

TBI can affect a person’s ability to make decisions, plan ahead of time, take part in conversation and comprehend written language. There are also several cognitive effects that can occur including memory problems, lack of emotional regulation, concentration difficulties and fatigue. 

With all of these things considered, the hardest part of having a brain injury is accepting what’s happened and staying resilient throughout the recovery process. 

How Gen Physio can help 

Recovery and rehabilitation are generally long term, so getting into a healthy routine, finding the right support services and using a tailored program from an allied health professional are the best ways to achieve your goals.  

Speech Pathology 

Our Speech Pathologists can provide one on one sessions to help anyone with speech problems and ensure the best results are achieved. After acquiring a TBI, our team can assess and facilitate your communication ability to help you achieve any of your goals in areas including reading and writing, comprehending sentences, and participating in conversation. 

Occupational Therapy 

Changes within your lifestyle in the form of equipment prescriptions and home modifications are known to be beneficial for several sufferers of TBI. Our Occupational Therapy team at Gen Physio will work with you to enhance your independence and participation in meaningful daily activities. We encompass a whole-person perspective and will work collaboratively with you, your family, and any other support networks to help achieve your occupational therapy goals. 


Synapse: Australia’s Brain Injury Organisation. (2022). Traumatic Brain Injury. Retrieved from

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