Posted: 24th August 2020
Posted in: Occupational Therapy
These skills are required to complete tasks like dressing, grooming, cooking and handwriting. Below are some of the specific skills children need to develop their fine motor skills.
Core Strength and Stability
Core stability is being able to stand and sit upright without support. Without developing this skill first, it becomes harder to focus and develop fine motor skills as the focus is instead on staying upright.
Activities to help improve core stability and strength are:
Developing finger and hand strength is an important element in developing a child’s fine motor skills. As a child gets older, the small muscles in their fingers and hands become stronger, which allows for better control and increases their endurance when completing fine motor activities.
Activities to develop finger and hand strength includes:
Dexterity is defined as one’s ability to make coordinated hand and finger movements to be able to grasp and manipulate different objects. Developed dexterity allows for in-hand manipulation, which is the ability to hold onto and move an object around within one hand. These skills are important for developing appropriate grasps for handwriting, manipulating toys and self-care tasks like dressing.
Activities to help develop dexterity includes:
Grasp is how we grab and hold items. A dynamic tripod grasp is the most effective for handwriting as allow for easy control of the pencil without putting too much pressure through the finger joints. There is a pattern for developing this grasp as children’s hand strength and dexterity develops.
Activity to help develop tripod grasp:
The ability to draw shapes is a developmental milestone for handwriting, as the strokes learnt in drawing shapes forms the basis of handwriting.
Assist in developing shape drawing through:
Written by Courtney & Lauren
Since graduating with a Bachelor of Occupational Therapy in 2015 from James Cook University in Townsville. Since joining the Generation Physiotherapy team in 2018 Courtney has been able to draw upon her previous experience to provide services across a wide range of age groups.
Courtney is also a level 1 yoga instructor and enjoys being able to incorporate elements yoga into her practice particularly with her paediatric caseload.
Lauren recently graduated from the University of Queensland with a Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (Honours). She has had clinical experience in the areas of paediatrics, community aged care, home modifications and equipment prescription.