Cerebral Palsy – Understanding Condition and Treatment

12 Jun, 2018

Understanding Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is defined as a group of disorders affecting a person’s ability to move due to damage an infant’s brain either during pregnancy or shortly after birth. The cause of CP is unknown however some risk factors include preterm birth, being a twin, infections during pregnancy and head trauma in early years of life.

Understanding Cerebral Palsy and How It Can Affect Multiple Motor and Reflex Patterns.

These include:

Body Movement

  • Muscle Control
  • Muscle Coordination
  • Muscle Tone
  • Reflex
  • Posture
  • Balance

Individuals who have Cerebral Palsy can also have visual, learning, hearing, speech, epilepsy, and intellectual impairments. There are 3 main types of Cerebral Palsy:

Types of Cerebral Palsy:

Ataxic CP: you will notice difficulties with balance and depth perception, low tone, and delay in motor milestones in children. Ataxia (4.8%) Hypotonia (3%)

  • Dyskinetic CP (6.4%): child will present with varying involuntary movements
    • Dystonia: twisting and repetitive movements
    • Athetosis: slow stormy movements
    • Chorea: dance-like irregular, unpredictable movements.
  • Spastic CP (85.8%): limitation of movement in one of more of the limbs during high velocity stretch of the muscle.
    • Diplegia: when two of the limbs are spastic
    • Hemiplegia: when one-half of the body is spastic
    • Quadriplegia: when all limbs are spastic
What is a Physiotherapist’s Role in Cerebral Palsy?
  • Education on:
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Types of Cerebral Palsy
    • Interventions that can be used to assist with cerebral palsy.
    • Support services in the local area
  • Gait Re-Training and improving mobility
  • Spasticity and Contracture Management to increase independence and reduce chronic pain
  • Assess children’s function at home, school, and in the community to provide intervention for to maintain function.

At Generation Physio we have Physiotherapists who have high interest in treating Cerebral Palsy and other Pediatric related conditions. To find out more please call 1300 122 884.

Our friendly Administration team will match you with the most suitable therapist to treat your child.

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